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tv   Our World  BBC News  November 1, 2017 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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in new york, after a man drove a truck at pedestrians and cyclists in lower manhattan. he was shot by police as he left his vehicle, carrying two imitation guns, and is now in hospital under guard. officials have described it as a terrorist act. police sources have named the suspect as 29—year—old sayfullo saipov, from uzbekistan, who moved to america in 2010. us media reports say a note was found in his vehicle referring to the islamic state group. president trump says he has ordered the us department of homeland security to step up its already strict vetting programme for foreigners travelling to the united states, following the attack in new york. in a tweet, he described the attacker as sick and deranged. hastings pier, which seven years ago was all but destroyed in a huge fire, has won britain's most prestigious architectural prize. the pier, rebuilt in collaboration with the local community, was described by judges of the stirling prize as a masterpiece of regeneration.
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our arts correspondent david sillito reports. seven years ago, it was an inferno. people that i'd never spoken to before were stopping me to talk about the pier, and everyone was devastated. today, a phoenix from the ashes. my parents met in the ballroom on the pier. here? so i'm — i cast myself as a pier baby. jill suden has been coming to the pier all her life. but all that is left of the original ballroom are these footprints. 1, 2, 3. hastings pier has been rebuilt, reborn and reinvented for the 21st century. this is wonderful. the woodwork here is the original timber from the pier. there are still some of the scorch
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marks from the fire of 2010, but the most important innovation is this — nothing. what they chose not to build — the empty space. if this pier was going to survive, it needed flexibility. and tonight the community that took ownership watched, hoping for a halloween treat. hastings pier... cheering. i would like to acknowledge that you've all done — you've all done fine buildings, but it seems that this year, what really captured the imagination was not doing one. indeed, its nickname is "the plank". but what they have
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actually created is a park over the ocean. 145 years after it was first opened, it is, once again, a new building — britain's best new building. what are your thoughts, looking out on this now? oh, i love it. it's just so peaceful. david sillito, bbc news, hastings. now it is time for our world. ukraine, independent from the soviet union since 1991. in communist times, being born with a disability would more than likely mean you would spend your entire life in an institution. that still happens today. more children live in state care in ukraine than anywhere else in europe. a third have a disability. you can't really say how bad they are until you see them, until you're there. because these are dark places. i'm nikki fox and i'm here to find out what life is like for the thousands of disabled people who live in institutions just like this one. i'm very embarrassed. 750 institutions. it's a huge number. legally, parents can
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leave their child in a state—run institution and it's encouraged. but some families choose instead to fight to keep their children. now the government wants all institutions closed, but what will happen to those who've only know this kind of life? hidden away in the ukrainian countryside, where the nearest town is 60 kilometres away. this is where 86 disabled men and boys live. i've been given access to this government—run institution, a place so many don't see.
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there's little routine and many of those living here aren't clean. there's just not enough staff here to look after everyone. abuse and self—harm happens in places like these, so green paint is used to help staff keep track of injuries. for most... hello. this is all they've ever known. in this tiny room i meet yuri. he's15—years—old. even though he has a family, he's lived in this orphanage since he was four. there are just 12 orphans here. the rest have families. loved ones they rarely see. how long have some of the kids or adults been here? the nurse tells me that this man has been here for 20 years. she says he's 32.
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even at this age they're still seen as children. the man who runs this place was keen for me to see how they work with the boys. these are really lovely. have you been making these? i was also shown a singing lesson with volunteers. i'm told it's a way of improving communication, but activities are sporadic. another room paints a very different picture. this is the reality for so many disabled people who live in institutions. there are some people who will see the film and think this is not the right situation for anyone to live in. emotions are everywhere when you are inside. it really hits you. one minute i was incredibly sad,
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the next minute i was being hugged by someone and i was smiling and so it's nothing like i'd ever experienced before. there are more than 100,000 children in institutions. it's estimated around 90% have families, like andre. his mother tatiana was told an orphanage was the best place for him because he has cerebral palsy. did you feel like you were forced to make that decision, to have to give andre away? but the reality was very different. pining for his mother, andre became seriously ill. instead of taking him to hospital,
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staff at the institution just left him in a room to die. how does that make you feel? tatiana lives in a remote village with no support or services her son needs. because of this she felt she had no choice but to give him up. closer to the capital, i meet a group of parents who have built up their own services.
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larissa? nikki. a small centre providing essential care, offering families support they need to keep their children at home. as i'm shown around, i meet young people with some of the most complex needs. 0h, hello! they learn ways of communicating and there are plenty of fully trained staff on hand to look after each child. not only does sasha come to this centre to help her son develop, it also gives her a break. can you imagine what your life would be like if he wasn't able to come here? when sasha gave birth to her son,
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she was told to leave him in an orphanage and have a healthy child. despite such pressure, she refused to give him up, but it's taken its toll. it gets tiring, doesn't it? this place can only do so much. sasha is still battling against the widely held belief that here disabled children are not able to live a normal life. but there is some hope.
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ukraine is changing and there is now the political will to make sure childhood is no longer spent hidden away from society. nikolai kuleba is a man has a difficult task. i want to have this as a national programme for family... he's heading up the government's radical reforms to close all institutions, eradicating a system that has been in place for nearly a century. i'm very embarrassed because 750 institutions around ukraine and it's a huge number. more than 100,000 children live in institutions. more of them have families, but because these families can't get enough support, they gave their children to these institutions. they've never seen a city, they've never seen a train, they've never seen a market.
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every day nothing happens. that's why it is about hope. it's about hope. they have no hope. the change in the law will help give these children and theirfamilies more rights. time for reform and reform for children with disabilities means we will support the family, we will give an opportunity to stay at home and to have enough services to live a normal life. one thing that has already changed, a new law that means all schools in ukraine must teach disabled students. speaks ukrainian i'm almost ukrainian! in a secondary school in kiev, artemis one of a small number of disabled pupils who can now take part in lessons with other children and he loves it. the main challenge for artem
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is getting to his classes. the school has tried to be more accessible, but he has to rely on his dad to get around. how much do you love school, artem? give me a smile. there it is. so many families here don't have that support. they don't have any support, so you have a child, your child has a disability, you've got to get your head around that and then you've got to find out, how am i best going to look after my child? and part of that is education, and because with that comes social interaction and all those wonderful things that we probably all take for granted. so for the families, no one is going to want their kids to miss out on that. no one is really going to want their kids going to an institution. while i've been in ukraine i've spent time at an orphanage more than three hours‘ drive from the capital, kiev.
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now i've been given access to another state—run institution that's much closer. it's a home for girls and women up to the age of 32. and it feels very different. in every room there are activities going on, from dancing to sewing. everyone here is engaged. one, two, ready? these young people have a range of different disabilities and, even though the majority have parents, this is their home. under the government's new reforms, institutions like this one will close. but there is strong resistance from many who run them. do you accept that there are other institutions, very different from your one, and the conditions are, you know, the conditions are, you know, could be seen as a lot worse?
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do you think it is ok that a child could be in an institution for the whole of their life? not all of the residents agree with her. dasha is 20 years old. she came here when she was 12. she spends her time performing and reciting poetry, which she is able to do here. but dasha does not want this place to be her life. would you like to leave one day, if you could? the lady who runs this place
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is pretty adamant that she doesn't think institutions should be closed. she said something that we've all been thinking — you know, what is going to happen to these kids, these kids have got various disabilities, some very complex? it's all well saying let's close these places, but what is there? what will be their life after? talking about reforming institutional care systems, people are asking me what about the children with severe disabilities? you will never do something for them. people can't imagine that in the other countries, these children can lead a normal life. and we want to build small group homes, we want to develop alternative care for these children. there are no easy answers. many disabled children
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and adults will need some kind of residential care. but this will take time and money. i visited two very different orphanages, but there's hundreds across ukraine with many thousands of disabled children. so there is no rehabilitation? the neglect many experience in care was highlighted in a report by the charity disability rights international, published in 2015. they visited dozens of institutions and documented how bad some of these places are. there is a lot of research done that institutions for the disabled child stunt not only their physical growth but their psychological growth, and when you're there, you can easily see that. you see, a baby will not interact with the world unless the world interacts with the baby. and i think it is bad not only for people who are in the orphanages,
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but also for the staff members. they all get tangled in a system that strips a lot of human traits from both sides. you cannot really say how bad they are until you see them, until you are there, because these are dark places. i think sometimes it is as a prison, or even worse than a prison. andriy, the boy we met earlier, was left in one of those dark places to die. he was lucky — he was rescued by volunteers who forced their way into his room. now, his story is one of hope. natasha was one of the nurses who helped him recover in hospital. she is now his foster mother. you have such a lovely relationship with andriy. it's quite wonderful. he seems like a different boy with you now. are you proud of the progress that he's made? natasha is desperate to keep andriy.
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but his future is still uncertain. take andriy, who we met. he is with a present family now but they are looking for international adoption for him. does that concern you — the fact that there are no services, there may not be a solid family for him so he will have to be adopted abroad? we want him to have a ukrainian family but we understand it is very hard to find. not because we have no — enough loving families but we have a lack of services. it's why maybe it would be better for him to find an international family.
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as for me, yeah, it's not good feelings. we need support. i'm talking with an international organisation and with different governments of different countries, about support for ukraine. because no one country — poland, bulgaria, romania — and the other countries didn't do this themselves. with thousands of disabled children and young people in need, finding a loving family is not an easy task. nick was one of those who dreamt of a different life. in desperation and with a bit of government help from nikolai, he used social media to find an adoptive family. and the video went viral.
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eventually, after a life spent hidden away in an institution, the 23—year—old got what he wanted. here in ukraine, i've met parents who have fought to keep their children out of institutions. 0lexandr and his wife have an apartment on the third floor with no lift. they have adapted their life in order to raise their son. sasha is now setting up her own centre. she wants to help other disabled children. and andriy is finally getting the love he needs — for now. but i've also met children and adults who have no—one.
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there is still that acceptance that if you have a child that has a disability, it is fine to go into an institution. so while the government will be putting forward plans, inclusive education, smaller residential places for disabled people, it will take time. but it isn'tjust that — it is also changing attitudes, society has to change. it cannot be just thought that 0k, you have a disabled child, it'll go into an institution and that is accepted. and the people we met stick with me, they stick in my head, because no matter how many plans are made and how much change happens, those people are never going to see anything other than those four walls or different variations of those four walls. that's going to be their life. hello there.
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mixed fortunes in our weather during the day ahead. southern areas should see more in the way of sunshine than they did during tuesday. a feed of drier air from the near continent, around this area of high pressure. but, up to the north, it is all about this weather front, a weather front which will bring a slow—moving band of rain, heavy rain for a time, across southern and south—western scotland, particularly during the first part of the morning. to the north of the frontal system, there'll be a mixture of sunny spells and heavy showers. but it's this rain, around the glasgow area, for instance, stretching towards edinburgh, that could actually cause some spot issues and persistent heavy rain during the morning rush hour. into the midlands and east anglia and the south—east, there'll be the odd fog patch through the first part of the morning. fog tending to clear, though, and it'll be a fairly bright day, with increasing amounts of sunshine.
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the south—west of england starting off on a bright note. again, there could be the odd fog patch. similar story across parts of wales. temperatures nine degrees in cardiff at 8:00am in the morning. more cloud in northern ireland, and here is our weatherfront again, just beginning to fringe in towards the north coast at this stage. as we go on through the day, our frontal system will only move very slowly southwards, although the rain along it will tend to ease. to the north, it's a mixture of sunshine and heavy showers. to the south, certainly for much of england and wales, we're looking at a dry day and an increasingly bright one. there should be some spells of sunshine into the afternoon. 16 in london. that won't feel too bad, if the skies are blue. now, during wednesday night, our frontal system finally gets a move on and pushes its way southwards. at this stage, reallyjust a band of cloud and some spots of drizzle. underneath the cloud it will be fairly mild, but to the north and south, will be fairly chilly, and certainly across southern areas of england, could be some fog around on thursday morning. now, on thursday, this area of cloud from our old weather front, with some spots of patchy rain and drizzle, will drift slowly southwards.
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further north, sunny skies, but generally a dip in the temperatures. eight degrees in aberdeen, 12 in cardiff. friday will be dry and bright enough for many of us. but a change up here to the north—west, another weather front sinking in, initially a fairly weak affair. but, as we go through friday night, that frontal system is likely to bump in some warm air pushing in temporarily from the continent. that will bring some heavy rain across england and wales, and once all of that clears away, some really cold air for the weekend, the air coming all the way from the arctic. so yes, there will be some sunny spells, but also some showers too, perhaps wintry over the high ground in the north, and for all of us, a chilly wind. welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: at least eight people are killed in new york by a man who drove a truck into pedestrians and cyclists in lower manhattan. five of those killed were visiting from argentina.
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police say the suspect moved to the us from uzbekistan in 2010. the mayor of new york says the attack is being treated as deliberate but no evidence so far of a wider plot. based on the information we have at this moment, this was an act of terror, and a particularly cowardly act of terror. president trump describes the attacker as sick and deranged, tweeting that the us must not allow the islamic state group to return or enter the country after being defeated in the middle east. this is the scene right now in manhattan. it is already one of the most heavily—policed areas of new york,
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